1.4 Defining clear and quantifiable outcomes and then measuring results against these expectations can be a major challenge in dealing with complex environmental issues. Nevertheless, our review of five international environmental agreements shows that 1.12 management challenges. Governments around the world face the challenge of managing an increasingly complex entity of international environmental agreements. According to other national monitoring services, the evaluation of the implementation, compliance and effectiveness of these agreements is complex and often problematic. Despite their growing importance, little is known about the implementation and compliance of these agreements by many countries. A full list of international environmental treaties can be accessed on Wikipedia. It`s in alphabetical order and theme. International Environmental Agreements (IEAs) are signed treaties that govern or control the impact of man on the environment in order to protect it. 1.53 Based on the emissions inventory and estimates, Environment Canada also forecasts future NOx and VOC emissions. The last projections available at the time of our review did not contain all the reductions that were to result from the implementation of the ozone schedule. Environment Canada has indicated that it is working to update its projections to reflect the impact of all cuts. 1.62 Therefore, maritime navigation is of crucial importance to the country.

However, shipping causes various forms of pollution that affect and harm the environment. Oil spilled from ships is an important type of marine pollution. Assessing the total impact of oil on the marine environment is a complex task. While oiled seabirds are a well-known victim of sea oil pollution, particularly in Atlantic Canada, there are many other, less obvious, harmful effects on marine animals, plants and ecosystems. To be considered international, the treaty must be intergovernmental; There are bilateral agreements between two governments and more than two multilateral agreements exist. Disputes between states over international environmental law can be heard by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) as long as the dispute takes place between states that have declared that the ICJ has jurisdiction over mandatory jurisdiction. The IGH is a general court that gives opinions and decides happy cases. Intergovernmental litigation is based on the principle of “state responsibility” or international law of disorder. The ICJ is only able to determine disputes between states: individuals and other non-state actors are not in a position to participate in litigation.

The UN Environment Assembly, the HIGHest UN environment body, was inaugurated on 23 June 2014 at the headquarters of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in Nairobi.