It should be noted that if Jinnah had full bargaining power on behalf of the Muslim League, Gandhi carried out this enterprise in his own name without the official sanction of congress. Many members of Congress expressed their disapproval of Gandhi`s approach. The young Mahasabha men shouted anti-Pakistani slogans at Gandhi`s prayer meeting in Panchgani. The meeting between the two leaders took place from 9 September to 27 September in Bombay. They met almost every day, sometimes even twice a day. On 27 September, Jinnah announced the end of the talks after the failure of an agreement between the two heads of state and government: “We believe that this is not the final end of our efforts.” While Gandhi commented, “ventilation is only called so. It`s a sin to postpone. During the seventeen days of discussions, they exchanged 24 letters, which were later published. In September 1939, Lord Linlithgow, then Viceroy of India, announced that India was at war with Germany. [10] The Congress party resigned its provincial seats in protest and declared that the Viceroy`s decisions had pushed India into a war that was not the power of India and without consulting its people or representatives. [11] Yet many congressional leaders, including Nehru, had expressed moral support for the Allied cause against the Nazis. [12] Congress has called for Britain, when fighting for the protection of democracy through war, to also establish democracy in India.

[13] The Viceroy and the Indian Minister of Foreign Affairs (Léo Amery) did not openly like the Indian National Congress and its leaders, including Gandhi and Nehru. [12] With the Anglo-Indian army dominated by Muslims and Sikhs, the London government sought to gain the support of both parties instead of appeasing Congress. [10] [10] [Full Quote Required] While the Jinnah Muslim League wanted a Muslim Pakistan, Sikhs feared that Punjab would fall under Pakistan if India was divided, thus putting Sikhs under Muslim rule. [14] Finally, the British government concluded that no progress could be made towards the Indian state if Congress and the League failed to reach an agreement. [11] Gandhi Jinnah`s talks began on 19 September 1944 in Bombay and lasted until 24 September. The discussions took place directly and through an exchange of letters. Gandhi told Quaïd-i-Azam that he had come in his personal capacity and that he did not represent hindus or Congress. Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (or Rajaji, as it was commonly called) was a prominent leader of the Madras Congress. [25] [25] [Full Quote Required] He was a well-known follower of Gandhi, sometimes called Gandhi`s guardian of conscience.

[26] Yet he suggested that Congress would not oppose it if India`s Muslims wanted a division. [27] He was thus the first leader of Congress to understand that division was inevitable. He felt that India needed British support in the likely scenario of a Japanese invasion at the time and that, as a result, Congress and the League had given up urgently agreeing on India`s constitution. [10] In April 1942, part of Madras` presidency was bombed by Japanese warplanes operating from the aircraft carrier Rysja. Arthur Hope, the governor of Madras, advised people to leave Madras and also transferred the secretariat to the interior of the country. [28] Rajaji regarded this as an act of the British government that abandoned the people of Madras and introduced resolutions in the Madras legislative party of the Congress Committee of India, according to which Congress should grant Pakistan`s request if the League insisted. [29] With strong opposition to congressional leadership resolutions, he left Congress after Gandhi`s Council. [30] He therefore did not participate in the Quit India movement and was not arrested with the other leaders of Congress. [27] He was therefore able to develop a negotiating proposal with the League. [31] This proposal, described by the popular press as a CR format,[32] was to recognize Pakistan`s requirement in principle and to serve as the basis for discussions between the League and Congress. [33] The majority of Hindus, especially Mahasabhaits, received the news of the failure of these talks with the greatest relief and the greatest p