The Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education (MCTES) and the Ministry of Education (ME) are working with the United Nations, an international organization established in 1945 and currently with 193 member countries whose mission and activities are governed by the objectives and principles of the Charter. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (USSR) adopted in 1948 states in Article 26 that “everyone has the right to education.” Since then, the right to education has been reaffirmed in various international treaties, the purpose of which is the creation of an intergovernmental organization. The UN treaty, signed in San Francisco in 1945, is an example. Another example is the treaty developed and adopted in 1945 by a group of countries in London that founded UNESCO. Countries that adhere to the Treaties of the United Nations and UNESCO undertake to make contributions (financial contributions) to these organizations and to comply with the constitutions of these organizations. Austria cooperates with the OECD in the education sector through the Centre for Education Research and Innovation (CERI) and the OECD Directorate of Education and Qualifications. German-language information is provided by the OECD`s Berlin Centre. Austria is represented, among other things, in the following forums, networks and working groups: the Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) deals with education in Articles 28 and 29. Article 28 is, to a large extent, an evolution of Article 13 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, focusing specifically on the child (essentially defined as a person under the age of 18). However, it differs from the federal state by certain omissions and additions. A major omission is the mention of the “gradual introduction of free education” in higher education.
The agreement simply provides that higher education “must be made available to all by all appropriate means on the basis of capacity.” An important complement is the requirement that States Parties take steps to achieve the child`s right to education “on the basis of equal opportunities”, an idea that first appeared in an international instrument enshrined in UNESCO`s Constitution. Another addition is the requirement that “States Parties take all appropriate measures to ensure that discipline is provided in accordance with the human dignity of the child and in accordance with this Convention.” Another addition is the requirement that “States Parties encourage and promote international cooperation in education, in particular with a view to eliminating ignorance and illiteracy worldwide and facilitating access to modern scientific and technical knowledge and teaching methods.